Problems and Prospects of Small Tea Growers in Himachal Pradesh: A Study of Kangra and Mandi Districts

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Naresh Kumar, Dr. Kuldeep Kumar


Tea is an aromatic beverage prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured or fresh leaves of camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub native to East Asia, which probably originated in the border hands of South Western China and Northern Myanmar. Tea has a stimulating effect in human primarily due to its caffeine content. Tea production in small holding has been growing worldwide. The contribution of small tea plantations has been growing significantly and currently shares a good proportion in the total tea production in the country. The small tea growers (STGS) are an alternative tea model of tea cultivation that fosters the growth of entrepreneurship and provides both direct and indirect employment. Emergence of small tea growers (STGs) has made the country self-reliant in the production of the beverage and to meet domestic requirements and exports. STGs have also helped local economic conditions and livelihood of the people in the state of Himachal Pradesh.  The land holding of 96 percent of Small Tea Growers of Himachal Pradesh is less than 0.5 hectare. The average annual production of tea is around 10 lakh kg of which 4000kg tea is exported to the UK, Germany and France. Himachal Pradesh Small Tea Growers contribute 59.2 percent of the total production. The present study is an attempt to identify major problems and future prospects of small tea growers in the state of Himachal Pradesh.  The study is descriptive and analytical in nature for which data have been collected through primary as well as secondary sources. The study found major problems faced by Small Tea Growers like, lack of subsidy, high cost of transportation, high labour rates, high labour turnover, lack of knowledge, high effect of climate changes, low quality of tea leaves etc. The study highlighted significant suggestions to overcome the major problems faced by Small Tea Growers and to improve the production of Small Tea Growers.


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How to Cite
Dr. Kuldeep Kumar, N. K. (2024). Problems and Prospects of Small Tea Growers in Himachal Pradesh: A Study of Kangra and Mandi Districts. European Economic Letters (EEL), 14(1), 237–249.